Flag of Mali (according to wikipedia/wikipedia/1/1)


Not to be confused with the similarly named and similarly looking Malay tricolour

The national flag of Mali (French: drapeau du Mali) is a tricolour with three equal vertical stripes. From the hoist (the place where the flagpole meets the flag) the colours are green, gold, and red, the pan-African colours. The flag of Mali is almost identical to the flag of Guinea, with the exception that the colours are in reverse order.


The current flag was adopted on March 1, 1961. The original flag was adopted on April 4, 1959, when Mali joined the Mali Federation. This flag was the same, except the golden stripe had a black kanaga, a shape of a squatter man with arms raised to the sky. The figure was removed due to the opposition, in a country whose population is 90% Muslim, of Islamic fundamentalists (see Aniconism in Islam, the belief against making pictures of the human figure).


The green stands for fertility of the land, gold stands for purity and mineral wealth, and the red symbolizes the blood shed for independence from the French.

Colour scheme

Green Yellow Red
Pantone 2271c 115c 3546c
CMYK 91-0-100-0 0-9-100-0 0-86-63-0
RGB 20-181-58 252-209-22 206-17-38
Hexadecimal #14B53A #FCD116 #CE1126

Historical flags

Flag Years of use Ratio Government Description
c. 1324 Mali Empire (possible) A reconstruction of the banner used by Musa I on the hajj, a possible historical flag of the Mali Empire. It consisted of a yellow rectangle centered on a red field.
1880–1958 2:3 French Sudan[lower-alpha 1] The French tricolor was used as the official flag of French Sudan for most of its history.
1958–1959 2:3 A new flag was adopted in 1958, when French Sudan gained autonomy within the French Community. It consisted of the French tricolor with a black Kanaga centered on the white band.
1959–1960 2:3 Mali Federation The flag initially adopted on Malian independence consisted of a vertical tricolor of green, gold, and red with a black Kanaga centered on the gold band.
1960-1961 Republic of Mali
1961–present 2:3 The current flag of Mali was adopted on March 1, 1961, removing the Kanaga featured on the previous flag.

Other flags

  • Historical flag of the Massina Empire (1818–1962), located in the present-day regions of Mopti and Ségou

  • Historical flag of the Wassoulou Empire (1878–1898), located in the Wassoulou region (part of present-day Mali, Guinea, and Côte d'Ivoire).

  • Flag of the Arab Movement of Azawad, a militant organization active in Azawad/northern Mali.

  • Flag of the Imghad Tuareg Self-Defense Group and Allies, a militant organization active in the Gao and Kidal regions.

  • Flag of the Movement for the Salvation of Azawad, a militant organization and political movement active in the Gao and Kidal regions.

  • Roundel of the Mali Air Force

  • Roundel of the Mali Air Force (variant)